About the planning system
Planning control is the process of managing the development of land and buildings. The purposes of this process is to save what is best of our heritage and improve the infrastructure upon which we depend for a civilised existence. Your local planning authority is responsible for deciding whether a development, anything from an extension on a house to a new shopping centre, should go ahead.
The Government has published a plain English guide giving an overview of how the planning system works in England.
All planning must take into account EU, National policy, National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF), as revised on 20 July 2021. the London Plan, and borough led Local Plan and policies, as well as relevant made Neighborhood Plans.
The NPPF is easy to read and relevant to planning applications and appeals. Planning appeals are undertaken by the Planning Inspectorate, which is independent of the local planning authority (LPA). The NPPF was revised in 2021.
Planning balance – Planning is about balancing benefits and disbenefits. It is about weighing up the combined weight of benefits, and assessing if collectively sufficient to outbalance the identified disbenefits or potential harm. See here for the Planning Portal and a full list of their planning FAQs.
Planning conditions – When used properly, conditions can enhance the quality of development and enable development proposals to proceed where it would otherwise have been necessary to refuse planning permission, by mitigating the adverse effects of the development. See Government guidelines here. Planning Conditions can be a powerful and enforceable way to ensure an otherwise inappropriate application can be improved.
s106 agreements – are a mechanism which make a development proposal acceptable in planning terms, that would not otherwise be acceptable. They are focused on site specific mitigation of the impact of development. See Local Government Association detailed background on conditions and s106 here.
Material considerations – are taken forward into consideration. (Issues regarding licensing are separate to planning matters, and different local authorizes often have different approaches what are relevant licensing matters).
What are material considerations?
A material consideration is a matter that should be taken into account in deciding a planning application or on an appeal against a planning decision. Material considerations can include (but are not limited to):
- Overlooking/loss of privacy
- Loss of light or overshadowing
- Highway safety
- Opening and delivery times
- Effect on listed building and conservation area
- Layout and density of building
- Design, appearance and materials
- Government policy
- Disabled persons’ access
- Proposals in the Development Plan
- Previous planning decisions (including appeal decisions)
- Nature conservation
However, issues such as loss of view, or negative effect on the value of properties are not material considerations. Generally greater weight is attached to issues raised which are supported by *evidence* rather than solely by assertion. For further advice see The Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) who provide an online advice service, and guides.
Licencing – separate to the “planning” application approval, some properties and their uses many need additional premises Licence . Both Planning and Licencing application approval is a function by the Local Authorities. For cross border areas, this can mean one street can have different policies being applied on different sides of street. Premises selling or supplying alcohol, providing entertainment or providing hot food must have a premises licence. Typically, a licence representation is limited to:
- the prevention of crime and disorder
- public safety
- the prevention of public nuisance
- the protection of children from harm.
Planning in Crystal Palace & Upper Norwood
Crystal Palace is unique, as 5 boroughs all meet, so to assess the overall and cumulative impact is more complex. Additionally, multiple legislated Strategic Road Network (SRN) routes meet here (using the A212, A2199, A234, A215), that TfL highways authority have overall network responsibility. See here for latest DoT traffic counts on local roads. Crystal Palace also splits inner and outer London, each having different respective planning policies. The cross border nature of Crystal Palace also means the area is at risk of more limited cross-border borough provided S106 and CIL contributions and planning. These contributions are meant to provide sub-regional infrastructure to support development within the area, and consideration to (our cross border) need for services (e.g health and education).
Local Authority Planning Sites – (and Local Plan policies). Links below for Borough planning web sites e.g search planning applications Many sites allow automatic email alerts of planning application searches. Links to the your Planning Applications Database by borough:
- Bromley planning site (Bromley’s Local Plan 2019)
- Croydon planning site (Croydon’s Local Plan 2018 )
- Lambeth planning site(Lambeth’s Local Plan 2015 and Local Plan Review 2017, and Local Plan review evidence October 2018).
- Southwark planning site (New Southwark Plan 2019)
- Lewisham Planing site (starting to prepare a new Local Plan for Lewisham)
How to receive automated planning application alerts:
1) Open the ‘Planning Applications Database‘ for your borough.
2) Create a new search e.g “SE19” and press “Save Search”
3) You will need to “Login” to you account by “Registering” online to save and run your searches.
Conservation Areas – We have many designated Conservation Areas that the meet here. Click here to see more of UCLs neighbourhood planning assessment of our area.
- Bromley – Crystal Palace Park Conservation Area and see Crystal Palace Park (SPG)
- Bromley –Belvedere Road Conservation Area and see Belvedere Road (SPG)
- Croydon – Upper Norwood Triangle Conservation and Map and see Supplementary Planning Document (SPG)
- Croydon –Church Road Conservation Area and Map and see Church Road CAAMP
- Croydon – Harold Road Conservation Area and Map and see Harold Road CAAMP
- Croydon – Beulah Hill Conservation Area and Map and see Beulah Hill CAAMP
- Croydon – Norwood Grove Conservation Area and CAAMP
- Lambeth – Westow Hill (North Side)and Mapand see WestowHill Report
- Lambeth – Gipsy Hill and Map and GipsyHill Extension Report
- Southwark – Duiwich Woods Conservation Area and Map
High Street planning:
Croydon: SHOPFRONTS AND SIGNS Supplementary Planning Guidance No.1
Croydon: CONSERVATION AREA GENERAL GUIDANCE Supplementary Planning Guidance
There are many local Sites of Importance to Nature Conservation (SINC), or designated as woodland of special importance. e.g
- Bromley – UDP Proposals Map (online interactive map).
- Croydon –Policy Map (online interactive map)andImpact of the Inspector’s recommendation on Local Green Space
- Lambeth – Local Plan Policy Map (online interactive map). Click the icon (bottom left) to see layers/options to view SINC and other planning constraints.
- Lewisham – Hillcrest Estate Woodland. Sites of Importance to Nature Conservation (SINC)
- Southark – Southwark Map2 – (online interactive map). Tree Preservation Order (TPO) zones. Click the icon button to see layers/options to view.
Major Planning – Regeneration and Masterplans
- Bromley – Crystal Palace Park Regeneration
- Lambeth – Central Hill Regeneration
- Lewisham – Hillcrest & High Level Drive Masterplan
- Croydon – Brick by Brick
Mayor of London New London Plan – Draft London Plan
Planning Inspectorate – Crystal Palace area decisions
- Auckland Road/Sylvan Road – Permitting development in/by Church Road Conservation Area
- Grape & Grain– effect of the proposal on the character and appearance of the host building and on the Conservation Area. Appeal dismissed.
- 25 Church Road– D2 / Cinema use and the vitality of the town centre Appeal dismissed.
- Gipsy Hill Station – installation of an Automated Teller Machine at the front of the main railway station building at Gipsy Hill. Appeal dismissed.
- 2 Alma Place – The appeal is dismissed in so far as it relates to a new second floor with mansard roof. The appeal is allowed in so far as it relates to a rear extension. Split Decision.
- SG Smith Dealership Beulah Hill (Lidl UK) – building retail foodstore, bed flats, closure of Beulah Hill vehicular
access. The appeal is allowed subject to conditions.
- Crystal Palace Park Masterplan – use of enabling “Very Special Circumstances” in permitting housing on Metropolitan Open Land.
View current and previous appeals with the Planning Inspectorate for “SE19” or by street click here to search.For a list of past Planning Inspectorate decisionsclick here to download an excel reportlisting with summary descriptions and outcome status.
Map of local Post Codes and Boroughs Boundaries
Any questions or suggestions? Contact cpneighbours on firstname.lastname@example.org